Customized Carolina Panthers Women’s Jersey What Business Leaders Need to Know About the Paris Climate Conference

World leaders and policymakers are meeting (defiantly) in Paris now to take on climate change. After 20 years of global negotiations that got us approximately nowhere near where the science tells us we need to be, this time looks different.Customized Carolina Panthers Women’s Jersey  The likelihood is high that over a hundred countries will accomplish something very important: coming to an agreement to cut carbon emissions dramatically.

These negotiations (known as COP21) are the latest in a series of meetings that began after the UN Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was agreed to at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, and went into force in 1994. The 195 member Cheap Men’s Nike Carolina Panthers Custom Made Elite Team Color Black Football Jersey countries, or “parties,” hold a Conference of Parties (COP) annually, and this year is the 21st meeting.

These talks will reshape the global energy sector and every other industry that relies on energy — in other words, all of them.Customized Panthers Jersey Youth The impact on business will be profound, so it’s worth a quick overview of what the meeting is about and what business leaders can expect in its wake.

What will be the likely outcome out of the talks?

This time, nearly every country is entering the discussions with a legitimate commitment to cut carbon. And while the live negotiations are important, the key discussions, those within each country to decide what it could commit to, happened months ago.

In the past, negotiations have bogged down over a vicious cycle of two key related issues: 1) A strong belief in many developing countries that no deal should hamper their economic growth and that the developed nations created this mess and should take the lead in resolving it (a fair point); and 2) The richer countries, in return, balking at going first with no direct promise of reductions from the two largest countries (by population) in the world.

Things are very different today. The myth that creating a clean economy will damage the economy is crumbling, and all countries — but especially China and India — are coming in with serious offerings.Personalized Carolina Panthers Jersey So barring some unforeseen problem, an agreement to reduce carbon emissions between now and 2030 will come to fruition.

But it’s important to know three key things about these agreements, generally speaking:

  1. The commitments will vary greatly by country. The principle of differentiated responsibility based on historical contribution, and the need for economic Men’s Nike Personalized Carolina Panthers Elite Alternate Powder Blue NFL Jersey growth to bring people out of poverty, has won over the world. For example, the U.S. has committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 26% (to 28% below its 2005 level) by 2025, the EU will cut emissions 40% by 2030 compared to 1990, and China will hit peak emissions by 2030 (or earlier), lower its emissions per unit of GDP by 65%, and increase use of renewables to 20% of energy consumption. The goals vary, but this is the first time in history that every country will agree to manage its emissions.
  2. They’re not exactly legally binding. There is virtually no chance that we’ll see a treaty with legal consequences if nations don’t live up to their commitments. There will likely be requirements on reporting — in his opening speech in Paris,
    Customized Panthers Jersey President Obama specifically talked about tracking and transparency — but the mechanisms for checking progress, and the openness that requires, will likely be a sticking point for years. But, as climate policy expert Aimee Christensen pointed out to me, “the recent momentum going into Paris is primarily driven by the improving economics of action (e.g., renewables are getting cheaper than fossil fuels) and global peer pressure.” The biggest countries are now applying that peer pressure; in Chinese President Xi Jinping’s Paris speech, he said we need an “ambitious and binding agreement.”
  3. Even these significant achievements are insufficient. Two concrete agreements have come out of the previous 20 years of discussion: (a) the Kyoto Protocol, a general agreement to reduce greenhouse gases which the U.S. never ratified but the rest of world committed to; and (b) the much more specific 2009 Copenhagen consensus, where (nearly) everyone agreed that it would be wise to stop the warming at 2 degrees Celsius (3.6F). The Paris commitments are much more aggressive, but even if countries meet their new goals, the world will likely warm 3 or 4 degrees anyway. This is not a minor problem; 4 degrees could be catastrophic, the World Bank says, with significant risk of great suffering,
    Women’s Nike Carolina Panthers Personalized Elite Team Color Black Football Jersey, extreme heat waves, declining food stocks, and severe economic costs.

All that said, these COP21 commitments, if met, will truly bend the curve of rising emissions for the first time. Paris is an important start, but everyone involved knows it’s just that — a start.

How is climate change already affecting businesses and the economy?

There’s real money at risk if we don’t address climate change. The direct economic impactsare already here and rising. As a Citi report estimated recently, the cost to the global economy of doing nothing could hit $72 trillion between now and mid-century.

Numbers like that are so large they can feel theoretical, but the impacts are also very real at the level of individual enterprises. Unilever’s CEO Paul Polman has said his company loses roughly €400 million annually from climate change and extreme weather.

Leading CEOs are seeing the work to manage climate change as a strategic and human imperative. Ken Powell, the CEO of General Mills says “human-caused greenhouse gas causes climate change and climate volatility and that’s going to stress the agricultural supply chain” — as in, the system that feeds us.

Many CEOs are going to Paris to speak at business-focused conferences running in parallel to the negotiations to show their support. When I asked Avery Dennison CEO Dean Scarborough about his keynote at the Sustainable Innovation Forum,Youth Nike Custom Carolina Panthers Elite Away White NFL Football Jersey, he made it clear why he cares: “Climate change threatens Avery Dennison’s supply chain, our customers’ businesses and the communities we’re part of. If we want to stay in business for the long-term, contributing to the fight against climate change is just smart strategy.”

Polman and Scarborough are joined in their concern by dozens of the world’s largest company CEOs. In just the last few months, oil giants issued a statement in support of a price on carbon, six of the world’s largest banks called for a strong climate deal, 81 American companies stood with President Obama, making more than 300 commitments to cut carbon or buy a lot more renewable energy, and the World Economic Forum gathered 78 large company CEOs to demand “bold action at COP21.”

And today, 100 big brands including Coca-Cola, Dupont, HP, Microsoft, Nike, and P&G are jointly running a full-page ad in the Wall Street Journal supporting a strong deal in Paris and investment to build a low-carbon economy in the U.S.

In short, It’s a myth that business opposes action on climate change.

What shifts should companies expect, post-COP21?

Regulations will be shifting. The world’s governments will be setting new policies over the coming years to cut carbon emissions, which will dramatically change how we produce and use energy — in the course of just one generation. We’re going to have to break a few eggs in the largest industry in the world, the one that keeps all other sectors — and our society — running.

The U.S., for example, has already seen executive action to double car and truck fuel efficiency and reduce emissions from our utility sector through the Clean Power Plan, which forces every state to develop a strategy to bring emissions down at roughly the same pace the U.S. as a whole has committed to. Energy is already a large source of risk for most companies — with enormous volatility in the price of traditional sources — and any new policies will undoubtedly impact prices.

But there’s also a big upside here, as both public and private spheres must invest trillions to bring about a fundamental change in how business works. Clean economy investments, already clocking in at $300 billion per year, will be rising. Companies that can align themselves with this shift — with new technologies and services in energy, efficiency, material science, logistics, building controls, Men’s Nike Carolina Panthers Custom Made Elite Two Tone Team Alternate Black and Blue Jersey,transportation, big data, and much, much more — will find rapidly growing, multi-trillion-dollar markets and funding.

In the end, the meeting in Paris, and all the public and private sector commitments stemming from it, will greatly accelerate the shift that’s begun. We’ll get moving on the world’s most pressing challenge (and opportunity).

As Scarborough says, “Reducing emissions while still growing as a company is the defining business challenge of the 21st century…I’m representing Avery Dennison in Paris because we want to be as visible as possible in support of a climate agreement that finally gets the job done. There’s a sense that COP21 will be — must be — the transformative moment the world needs.”

The world’s leaders have assembled to move the needle for real. President Obama called for “a world marked not by conflict but by cooperation.” He summed up simply, “Let’s get to work.”

Customized Panthers Jersey Lack Of Sound On Chicago Shooting Tapes Raises New Suspicions

CHICAGO (AP) — A police dash-cam video that captures a white Chicago officer fatally shooting a black teenager 16 times has no sound, nor do videos from four
Men’s Nike Carolina Panthers Custom Made Elite Team Color Black Football Jersey other squad cars at the scene. But department protocol indicates all the cruisers should have been recording audio that night.

The silence is almost sure to figure into the ongoing federal investigation of the case, and it raises questions about whether officers were careless with the
Customized Panthers Jersey recording equipment or, worse, attempting a cover-up.

“When you’ve got a standup cop with nothing to hide, the dash-cam is his friend,” said Gregg Stutchman, who has specialized in video forensics in California for 23 years. “But for cops who aren’t quite as standup, it would make sense that they wouldn’t want things recorded.”

Several experts on the type of equipment commonly installed in police vehicles told The Associated Press that it’s plausible for a single squad car to have a glitch preventing sound recording. But they could not imagine how an entire fleet of Women’s Nike Personalized Carolina Panthers Elite Alternate Powder Blue NFL Jersey cars would ever lose audio at the same time and place by mere happenstance.

“I’ve never heard of it before,” Stutchman said. “It raises a red flag.”Customized Bears Jersey The more likely explanation is that audio was intentionally switched off, he said.

The silent video at the core of the shooting case in Chicago shows officer Jason Van Dyke stepping out of his car on Oct. 20, 2014, and almost immediately opening fire on Laquan McDonald as he walks away from officers. Van Dyke continues to fire on the 17-year-old even after he crumples to the ground.

On the same day that the video was released last week by the city, the Cook County State’s Attorney’s Office charged Van Dyke with first-degree murder.

Dash-cam video and audio should switch on automatically when a vehicle’s emergency lights are activated. If the lights are not used during an incident, Personalized NFL Football Jersey officers should turn on the system manually, according to a directive on the police department’s website.

Sound can be central to understanding what happened at a crime scene, said Ed Primeau, a Michigan-based audio and video forensics expert.

ASSOCIATED PRESSIn this Oct. 20, 2014 frame from dash-cam video provided by the Chicago Police Department, Laquan McDonald, right, walks down the street moments before being shot by officer Jason Van Dyke in Chicago. Van Dyke,Men’s Nike Personalized Buffalo Bills Elite Team Color Royal Blue NFL Football Jersey, who shot McDonald 16 times, was charged with first-degree murder Tuesday, Nov. 24, 2015. (Chicago Police Department via AP)

In the Chicago shooting, audio would have enabled investigators to gauge the level of anxiety among officers as they pursued McDonald, Primuea said. And sound could have been critical to piecing together how things played out in the minutes before the shooting as officers spoke to each other or to a dispatcher over their radios.

“That gives you a whole play-by-play, like who is coming around the corner in a chase or which officer is going where,” he said. “It can help with the entire narrative.”

Without sound, it’s hard to know just when the shooting started and stopped. Did the shots come in quick succession or was there a pause between bursts of gunfire? And just what did Van Dyke and fellow officers say in the seconds before Van Dyke opened fire? What, if anything, did McDonald say to them?

Neither police nor state prosecutors have offered a detailed explanation of why there is no audio with the video.

Police spokesman Anthony Guglielmi suggested that the absence of audio was probably an unforeseen technological fault. In an email to The Associated Press, Customized Bills Jersey he wrote: “As with any technology, at times software issues or operator error may keep the cameras from operating as they normally should.”

Ensuring the audio system is fully functional also requires that officers, usually at the start of their shifts, place a unit that includes a microphone and transmitter on their bodies and make sure it’s synced with the audio system, Stutchman explained.

Some departments have a zero-tolerance policy when it comes to required recording.

Daytona Beach Police Chief Michael Chitwood described in a Justice Department report how one officer constantly claimed his body camera malfunctioned at the very moment he allegedly engaged in questionable behavior. Forensics later showed he had simply turned off the device. He was pressed to resign.

Said Chitwood, “Our policy says that if you turn it off, you’re done.”

Videos from five Chicago police cars have been released by the city, and none has functioning sound. Videos from three other cars that responded have not been released.

Patrol officers have never liked the idea of being electronically monitored, regarding it as something imposed from the upper brass, Stutchman said.

But, he added, in his experience, better officers are meticulous about making sure at the start of each shift that their audio and video equipment is working.Men’s Nike Personalized Chicago Bears Elite Away White NFL Football Jersey Shirt.

Darrel Stephens, executive director of the Major Cities Chiefs Association and a former police chief in North Carolina, echoed that. He said there are malfunctions, or in some cases, officers who forget to switch audio on.

“It’s not a perfect technology. There are times that it doesn’t work very well,” he said.

Texas-based Coban Technologies supplies the dash-cams to Chicago, as it does to Los Angeles. Messages seeking comment from the company were not returned Wednesday.

Some of the Chicago videos released do contain faint buzzes, some of which sound similar to an engine or a siren. Stutchman said those are probably electrical pulses picked up by the dash-cam system that are not actual audio but could mimic sounds of sirens or engines.

The U.S. Attorney’s Office has not specified what issues it is investigating.

Primeau said it’s likely that federal authorities would bring in forensics experts to determine why no useable audio seems to exist, with other investigators probably reviewing logs for any notes about how the systems were operating before and after the shooting.

Personalized NFL Football Jersey Report: Derek Jeter engaged to supermodel Hannah Davis

Why does New York Yankees legend Derek Jeter always feel the need to steal the New York Mets’ thunder? During Game 1 of the World Series, reports leaked that Jeter is engaged to long-time girlfriend Hannah Davis, according to the New York Daily News. Men’s Nike Carolina Panthers Custom Made Elite Team Color Black Football Jersey.

Way Personalized NFL Football Jersey to interrupt the World Series, Jetes! We thought everyone agreed not to leak big baseball news until after the World Series had concluded.

At the same time, maybe this isn’t baseball news. Jeter is retired now, and hasn’t been connected to the Yankees all that much this season. Youth Nike Custom Carolina Panthers Elite Away White NFL Football Jersey He did show up at Yankee Stadium to celebrate former teammate Bernie Williams, but was not present at the team’s home opener and told reporters hedidn’t miss playing baseball “at all.”

And, hey,Customized Bills Jersey  can you blame him? Women’s Nike Custom Buffalo Bills Elite Team Color Royal Blue NFL Football Jersey After spending 20 years playing the most important position on the biggest stage in the country, he’s earned himself a break. Now that Jeter no longer has playing obligations, he can work on cultivating a strong relationship with his significant other. What a concept!

Jeter’s love life has long been a source of news among the New York media, and that will definitely continue with this announcement. Customized Panthers Jersey Hopefully, once Jeter and Davis tie the knot, that will go away and he’ll be able to happily enjoy life out of the spotlight as a married man.

Good for Jeter, we say. He ought to be able to finally enjoy his private life. Men’s Nike Personalized Buffalo Bills Elite Team Color Royal Blue NFL Football Jersey.We just wish the news didn’t come as the Mets were playing in Game 1 of the World Series. Let the Mets have their moment, Jeter!